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Game Art vs Game Design ‒ What Is the Difference?
Game Art vs Game Design ‒ What Is the Difference?
Speaking about the creative component of creating a game, one cannot help but come across a game art vs game design discussion. Despite massive attempts to simplify everything, these are two completely different areas of work. We want to help you understand the difference between game design and game art and clearly define the responsibilities of each specialist. Who is a Game Artist? A game artist is a specialist who creates all the visual components of a game, from the sketch to the final render. To understand the style that will become the foundation of their work, game artists draw information from the game design document, which is compiled by the game designer before starting work on the game. This is how art experts understand the right atmosphere and see the references, following which they will have to create art. The task of the artist is to revive the game world, described in words, and tell the game story in visual language. Usually, their 2D art pipeline includes such steps as: Concepting.Black and white sketching.Color sketching.Rendering. If this is the creation of 3D art, then the pipeline looks like this: Approving brief.Creating a high poly model.Creating a low poly model.UV and baking.Texturing. Artist-created game assets compose and package the game world. Regardless of their number, all of them should correspond to the general style of the game and be consistent with the current game level. Thus, game design vs game art are inextricably linked, and the game artist and game designer work together to correctly convey the visual style of the game. The Role and Responsibilities of Game Artists Creating game assets covers a large number of game areas. Therefore, artists are divided into several categories: Concept artist. Creating sketches and concept art in accordance with GDD.Character artist. Creating all game characters: people, animals, robots, etc.Environment artist. Creating game environment elements: nature, buildings, etc.UI/UX artist. Creating game interface elements: heads-up display (HUD) and menus. This categorization allows each specialist to focus on their area and provide the best results. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } HUD and menus are largely responsible for the game feel — the feeling of interacting with the interface. This includes the visual and audio effects of picking items and general art direction. But the requirements for different interface elements are different — HUD should be, first of all, easy to read, and menus should be easy to navigate. Game Artist Skills Required To do their job well, game artists must have the following skills: Drawing and composition basics. It is vital for an artist to have basic artistic knowledge and understanding of how to form a composition suitable for different genres.Software knowledge. To create 2D and 3D art, artists need to understand special software: Adobe Photoshop, Maya, 3ds Max, ZBrush, etc.High level of creativity. The artist must be able to easily and quickly generate different ideas based on the available information about the game style.Industry understanding. Knowing the nuances of the gameplay and having a baggage of knowledge about different games, the artist will have more opportunities for creativity.Openness to communication. The artist works in a team with a large number of other specialists, exchanging information, so it is important to be open to dialogue. Who is a Game Designer? A game designer is a specialist who comes up with the structure and rules of the game. Thinking through the mechanics of the game, its goals, dynamics, development, and so on completely rests on the shoulders of the game designer. This specialist creates a so-called game design document, which includes all information about the game, from genre and audience to monetization and promotion methods. The Role and Responsibilities of Game Designers Speaking about the difference between game art and game design, we can safely say that art is about visuals, and design is about logic. It is the designer who explains to the artist how the game world should look and what objects should fill it. Unlike the artist, whose role is primarily creative, the role of a designer requires both creative and technical skills: Creative. The game designer comes up with ways to present the game plot, works out the script, and schematizes the game levels. Designers need to make sure that the artists understand the style and atmosphere of the game correctly and create appropriate visual content.Technical. On this side, the game designer must understand the technical limitations of the assigned platforms and the capabilities of the game engine. All other aspects of the game are thought out with this data in mind. The designer also thinks ahead about the involvement of the players and how they will interact with the game. As the complexity of games increases, the work of a game designer becomes more and more extensive, which leads to a certain division of responsibilities. For example, you can meet a separate specialist called a level designer responsible for creating and implementing levels, stories and quests. Another kind of specialist, system designers, focus on gameplay, controls, combat, and more. In summary, the job of a game designer includes but is not limited to such tasks. Developing game mechanics.Thinking through gameplay ideas.Defining genre and style.Writing stories and storylines.Developing and designing characters.Creating maps, scenarios, and difficulty levels.Thinking up ways to win and lose the game.Developing the user interface concept.Preparing game prototypes. So that the result of working on all these tasks is not lost, the game designer puts them into a game design document. We talked in detail about its basic structure and provided a template in our material on game designers backstage — be sure to check it out to learn all the ins and outs of being a game designer. Related content: Game Designers Backstage: Rates, Mistakes, and Victory Conditions Experience the specifics of the work of a game designer and get your comprehensive GDD template Learn more Game Designer Skills Required Given the incredible amount of work that a game designer does, the requirements for this role also come down to a huge amount of skills: Storytelling. The game designer is often directly involved in creating the game’s storylines, character arcs, quests, and other narrative elements. Therefore, they need to understand the fundamentals of storytelling.Programming knowledge. A game designer must know the basics of programming and game engines to understand the technical limitations of different platforms and create correct and appropriate concepts.Project management. Game designers need to be able to allocate their time and the time of other specialists responsible for working on other aspects of the game to meet production deadlines.Communication. Game designers need to communicate more than anyone else. They must convey information to both artists and developers, and talk to testers and project managers so that all team members have a comprehensive understanding of the game.Creativity. A game designer without creativity will not be able to come up with an interesting and original game concept. These specialists should be able to create unique worlds, character development schemes, compelling storylines, and so on.Interface design. Despite the presence of a separate UI/UX specialist, it is important for a game designer to create a base for the entire interface design, think over the controls, menu content, and the presence of the necessary elements on the screen.Game economy. The game designer is responsible for designing the game’s economy, as well as character improvement schemes, which often involve a lot of numerical calculations. Therefore, it is important to have basic economic and financial knowledge.Marketing. Game designers also need to be well-versed in how the final product is promoted. This includes an understanding of the most appropriate strategies, platforms, approaches, and other things that will be optimal for a given game genre. Game Art Vs Game Design So what is the difference between game design and game art? Let’s highlight again: The game artist deals with the visual components of the game.The game designer thinks through the game mechanics, logic, and rules. It is important for a game artist to be able to create art.It is important for a game designer to be able to see the whole picture of the game. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } Interesting fact. Game design is also often confused with game development. The developers are responsible for scripting and coding all the game ideas created by the game designer — thanks to them, we get a playable interactive product. Dive Deeper: ✔
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What Are Game Metrics and Why Do They Matter: Clear Formulas and Useful Sidenotes
What Are Game Metrics and Why Do They Matter: Clear Formulas and Useful Sidenotes
No matter how boring and dry the word metrics may sound, all self-respecting game developers need to reckon with them to understand what latent seething processes occur with the game after it has successfully hit the market and how to act so that it starts to make a profit. And here the question arises. What do you think is the most important gaming metric? Probably the number of downloads? Or the number of hours spent in the game? Or the number of concurrent users? Or … Stop guessing! The truth is that all metrics are important. Each of them provides valuable information that, like a piece of the puzzle, adds up to a whole picture of understanding the interaction of players with the game. Working with metrics distinguishes successful game companies from incompetent newbies who work at random. Game metrics help you immediately know what the problem is and what needs to be done to improve performance, retention, and so on. And today we are here to discuss the types of game metrics and how to measure them. Not without interesting additional sidenotes associated with each of them, which will allow you to better understand the essence of all these figures. Let’s go. What Are Game Metrics? Game metrics are numerical measures used to evaluate the performance of a game. There are many different game metrics, each of which is responsible for different aspects of the player’s interaction with the game. They can be roughly divided into 3 categories: Financial metrics: Average revenue per user (ARPU).User acquisition cost.Average transaction value (ATV). Quantitative metrics: Daily active users (DAU).Monthly active users (MAU).Stickiness rate. Behavioral metrics: Session length.Retention rate.Churn rate. By analyzing game metrics, developers can find out what players like and dislike about the game and adjust the game content and monetization strategies in time. Why Are Game Metrics So Important? As we’ve said before, game analytics metrics are the best way for developers to get feedback from players. Gaming metrics data provides important information about: where users experience difficulties;what content they like and dislike;what brings in the most profit;why players leave the game;what needs to be done to improve retention, and so on. Without video game metrics, developers would have to work blindly. They would not be able to evaluate the effectiveness of the game, nor to adapt it to the needs of the user. As a result, they would lose money. If you don’t want to lose money, learn what game metrics matter. 10 Key Game Metrics Developers Should Track Financial Metrics Average Revenue per User (ARPU) The average revenue per user is a metric that tracks the revenue generated by the average user over a specific period. This metric includes tracking both the money players have spent in-game and how many ads the average user clicks on. It is tracked in so-called free-to-play games, which are actually free to play, but contain paid content and ads. The average revenue per user can be calculated by dividing revenue for a certain period by the number of users for this period. A similar principle is used to calculate the average revenue per daily active user (ARPDAU), the average revenue per weekly active user (ARPWAU), and the average revenue per monthly active user (ARPMAU). This metric won’t tell you how to improve your game design either, but it is a good measure of the success of your monetization strategy. User Acquisition Cost User acquisition cost is a metric that shows how much a company spends to acquire each player. Also known as Cost Per Install, it allows you to measure the effectiveness of advertising efforts and marketing strategies such as ads in other games. The user acquisition cost can be calculated by dividing sales and marketing costs by the number of new players. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } According to Liftoff’s Mobile Gaming Apps Report, the average user acquisition cost is $1.47. Average Transaction Value (ATV) Average transaction value is a metric that shows the average amount of money spent by a consumer on a single transaction. This metric is for games that offer in-game purchases. It tracks how much players spend on average per transaction. Even if players can only transact with your in-game currency without using real money, it’s important to keep track of ATV so you can check if your in-game economy is okay. The average transaction value can be calculated by dividing the total value of all transactions by the number of transactions. Quantitative Metrics Daily Active Users (DAU) Daily active users is a metric that shows the number of unique users who have launched the game in the last 24 hours. This is one of the most revealing metrics for game development, showing how interesting your game is to users. A sudden drop or increase in the number of daily users after the next update or fix makes it possible to quickly conclude how successful the work on the game was. To find out DAU, just look at the number of unique users in 24 hours. The uniqueness of users is determined by ID or login. Monthly Active Users (MAU) Monthly active users is a metric that shows the number of unique users who have launched the game in the last 30 days. As with DAU, MAU shows how many players log into the game at least once during the month. Together with the daily active users metric, it can help calculate the retention rate. For example, if a player logged into the game for many days and then stopped, this may indicate technical or content problems. MAU is calculated in the same way as DAU, taking into account only unique users. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } It is important to understand that the MAU for a given month is not the sum of the DAU for 30 days, as we are talking about unique users. For example, a player can log into the app on Monday and Wednesday, so they will get into the DAU for these days. But within the framework of the monthly metric, they will be taken into account only once. Stickiness Rate The stickiness rate is a metric that shows how often users return to the game. Also known as loyalty rate, stickiness rate can be calculated by dividing DAU by MAU. If you want to know the weekly stickiness, DAU is divided by WAU ‒ weekly active users. If the stickiness rate is: high ‒ users often visit the game and recommend it to their friends;low ‒ user interest has faded, and the game has ceased to be in demand. At high DAUs, engagement can be low. And then there comes a point when the further growth of the game depends on its actual use. When a lot of people download but don’t log in or abandon because they’re not interested, ads and rave reviews from bloggers can’t save the day. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } Marketer Andrew Chen believes that a very good stickiness rate is above 20%. The Facebook DAU/MAU indicator is 50%, which is already the world level. Behavioral Metrics Session Length Session length is a metric that measures the amount of time a user spends playing a game. The session starts when the game is opened and lasts until the game is closed or the user becomes inactive. To calculate the session length, it is necessary to fix the time interval between when users opened the game and when they became inactive. This is one of the metrics for game development that allows you to understand how users interact with different areas of content. For example, if the player interacts with a difficult level for a short time, it can be concluded that the content is too complex and frustrating. Conversely, if the user stays in the game for a long time on a difficult level, this may mean that the content is difficult, but not frustrating. The longer the session, the more satisfied the player is with the gameplay. However, specific session lengths vary greatly by game genre and should only be compared within their own category. Interesting facts about session length According to Soomla, the average length of a gaming session is 4-5 minutes. However, for card and casino games, the average duration of a session can even reach 30 minutes. In multiplayer and strategy games, the average session length is often more than 50 minutes, and the puzzle genre is of interest to players for an average of 40-45 minutes. Genres that are considered masters of long-term retention, such as Card, Trivia, and Word games, have an average session length of around 10-12 minutes. Retention Rate Retention rate is a metric that shows how long players keep playing after the first install. Retention rate directly affects your earnings, so keeping track of it is vital. It helps to understand what aspects of the game encourage players to keep playing. To calculate the retention rate, you need to divide the number of players who interacted with the game in a given period by the number of players who interacted with the game in the previous period, and multiply the resulting number by 100. Basically, mobile game retention rates are tracked on Day 1, Day 7, and Day 30 to see if games are built to last. However, you can also measure retention at Day 60 and Day 90 to get even more insight into how many players stay engaged. Day 1 retention. These are first impressions. The user gets acquainted with the game and decides whether it is interesting and whether it is worth returning. 30% retention or more on the first day is considered a good result. Source: Gameanalytics.com Day 7 retention. At this stage, the player is already familiar enough with the game and can give a detailed explanation of its pros and cons, the convenience of the interface, and the overall experience. If all is well, the players continue to play. Source: Gameanalytics.com Day 28 retention. At this point, all dissatisfied or disinterested players are weeded out and what remains is your main base of loyal players who play the game weekly or daily. They are willing to make a purchase or watch ads to gain in-game benefits. Source: Gameanalytics.com Did you know? The retention count starts on Day 0, not Day 1. Day 0 is the game download day and Day 1 is the first retention test. This is often overlooked. If a player does not open the app on Day 1, then they are not retained. Interesting facts about retention On average, a 40-20-10 profile is considered good retention ‒ 40% retention on Day 1, 20% retention on Day 7, and 10% retention on Day 30. But depending on the genre of the game, good retention rates may vary.According to Gameanalytics, the average Day 1 retention rate is 25%. The top 5% of games can boast 46% are Trivia and Word games. Arcade games follow with 35%. Midcore games have the lowest engagement rates. A curious observation is that people play a lot more during the Christmas and New Year celebrations, but when the holidays are over, they don’t necessarily go back to the games they played. Churn Rate The churn rate is a metric that shows how many players deleted the game after the first game session. The exact opposite of retention rate, churn rate captures the number of people who installed a game, played it, and immediately uninstalled it. It includes the time that has elapsed from the moment the game was installed to the moment the game was uninstalled. If it’s a few hours, then the game may be having issues with onboarding and players need a clearer guide. If it’s a few weeks, then perhaps the content has become repetitive and the player has become bored. To calculate the churn rate, subtract the retention rate from 100%. According to Clevertap, most games lose over 90% of new players in the first month after installation. The most common reasons for deleting games are crashes and errors, but gameplay problems can also occur: Too long onboarding.Confusing interface.Too bright visuals.Unintuitive gameplay.Too many ads.Aggressive monetization strategy. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } Additional hint. If you still can’t figure out why people are deleting your game, look for valuable insights in the comments section of Google Play and App Store. The Most Important Game Metric All these metrics are very important. But there is one more that stands above them all ‒ Lifetime Value (LTV). Lifetime value is a metric that shows the average income generated by the client during the entire period of interaction with the game. With this game metric, you can determine how effective your game is over time and what is the total income that you received per user for the entire time they interacted with the game. LTV affects the amount of revenue ‒ the more regular customers a company has, the higher the income. But the indicator needs to be compared with other metrics. If the LTV is high, but the company’s costs of producing a product, attracting and retaining a customer are higher, then the business is not making a profit and the overall strategy needs to be reconsidered. To calculate LTV, you need to multiply the revenue per user (ARPU) by the so-called Lifetime ‒ the total duration of interaction with the user. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } Is your project profitable? If LTV is less than User Acquisition Cost, then the answer is no. Ways to Measure Game Metrics There are two main ways to measure gaming metrics: Request feedback from players directly.Use individual data analysis systems. The first option is easily implemented by researching game forums where players discuss the game, or by reading player comments directly on the game’s download page. Many game companies have a separate technical support service where players can write about questions or problems that arise. Direct feedback from players often provides high-quality data that cannot be obtained from raw data analysis. The second option involves the use of internal quantitative data viewing systems. Each company has its own such systems and data warehouses. They categorize data into groups and calculate specific metrics for retention, engagement, spending, revenue, and more. In the case of larger multiplayer games, companies can use tools for more in-depth analytics of mobile game metrics, for example, assessment of interaction and conflicts between players, compliance with community rules, etc. The Bottom Line To paraphrase a famous quote, one does not simply ignore gaming metrics. High-quality analytics is your steering wheel to help you move in the right direction and achieve financial success. And success will be achievable only when you can give your users what they want. Our game designers keep all the necessary metrics in mind while compiling a game design document. By describing its gameplay and technical characteristics, they not only shape its overall concept, but also suggest the best ways to promote it, depending on the specifics and genre. At each stage of work, game designers give recommendations in order to get a flawlessly optimized deeply engaging product as a result. Trust our experience and we will make all video game engagement metrics work for your success. All-in-one game design and art solution ‒ benefit tangibly from our experience and knowledge Free consultation
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Unity − What Makes It the Best Game Engine?
Unity − What Makes It the Best Game Engine?
Meet Unity − the life of the cross-platform party, the best friend of aspiring developers, and the top tool for mobile games (71% of them are Unity-based according to Unity Technologies). There are 5 billion Unity app downloads per month alone. Even those who do not care about game development have heard about Unity. And those who do care about game development adore Unity. And not without reason. The Unity Gaming Report 2022 says that the number of games made with Unity has grown by 93% over the past year – 230,000+ developers create and manage 750,000+ games powered by Unity. Moreover, Unity has significantly expanded its toolkit through the acquisition of special effects company Weta Digital (known for its work on the films Lord of the Rings and Avatar) and Ziva Dynamics, a leader in high-tech modeling and deformation, machine learning, and real-time character creation. But is everything really so perfect and cloudless? Is Unity really the best game engine or are there certain caveats? Let’s take a closer look. What is the Unity Engine? First editionProgramming languagePlatformsLicenseLatest versionJune 8, 2005C#, C++ (runtime)Windows, macOS, Linux, PS, Xbox, Android, iOS …Proprietary2022.1.15 (September 1, 2022) Unity is the world’s leading cross-platform development environment that provides a comprehensive set of software solutions to create real-time interactive 2D and 3D content. Created in 2005 by the American company Unity Technologies, the Unity game engine allows you to create applications that run on more than 25 different platforms: PCs, consoles, smartphones, and others. When discussing the best game engine, it’s important to consider accessibility for all levels of developers and users. Unity is one of the few game engines that provides a great foundation for user experience. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } If we were to compile a list of the best game engines for beginners, Unity would indeed be at the top of the list. Unity consists of 3 main parts: A game engine that allows you to create, test, and play 3D and 3D games and experiences in various environments. An application that combines design and user interface with graphics preview and playback controls. A code editor IDE aka Integrated development environment that provides a separate text editor for writing code. Unity Engine Pricing The Unity video game engine is used by both large developers and independent studios. It is the latter, along with mobile developers, that have a special warm spot for it ‒ they can use its free version, provided that the annual income from the game does not exceed $100,000. Moreover: All plans are royalty-free, which allows developers to keep all their income.All plans include access to the Unity Asset Store, a marketplace for assets and tools.All plans include access to Unity Learn to support expert knowledge at all levels. There is also a free option for students called Unity Student, offering free use of the latest version of the core Unity development platform with a free student asset pack. Unity Features Unity is great for creating both 2D and 3D games. Calling it the life of the cross-platform party in our article on the Indie Game Development: Guide to Revenues, Most Profitable Genres & Monetization Unity Developer Rates Worldwide The widespread use of the engine means high demand for Unity specialists. And although Unity has a low barrier of entry, it takes a lot of work and study to master all of its features and become a truly advanced specialist. That is why those who have invested a lot of time and effort into learning this engine are highly valued in the gaming market. Unity developer rates vary by region. Let’s take a look at the comparison table. CountryAverage rate per hourCanada$54US$43Australia$35Germany$34UK$27Norway$27Spain$22Ukraine$20India$5 Rate information is based on Unity developer salaries taken from the workplace platforms Glassdoor, PayScale, and ZipRecruiter One of the most popular regions for Unity developers is Eastern Europe: Ukraine, Poland, Czech Republic, and others. Traditionally, their rates are lower than in Western Europe and America, but the quality of services often significantly exceeds the more expensive options. Which Game Engine is Better to Use? Whether to use the Unity gaming engine for any of your gaming ideas or try other options depends on what kind of game you are planning to create. We have taken a detailed look at the advantages and disadvantages of the 5 most popular game engines for creating different types of games in our comprehensive material. Be sure to check it out for when to use Unreal, Lumberyard, CryEngine, and Godot. Related content: Game Designers Backstage: Rates, Mistakes, and Victory Conditions Experience the specifics of the work of a game designer and get your comprehensive GDD template Learn more Final Thoughts on Unity So, here it is, Unity. Now you know and understand it better. Is Unity the best game engine? Answer this question yourself, because it all depends on how its functionality is suitable for the implementation of your ideas. The Unity gaming engine demonstrates excellent performance in creating absolutely diverse products. If you are convinced that Unity is what you need, then we get the perfect match. Our specialists have been working with Unity for 10 years and have managed to implement many projects, from mobile match-3 and puzzle mobile games to play-to-earn advanced AAA-class blockchain products. We harness all the possibilities of Unity and use it to the maximum to get the most spectacular results customized for specific requests and goals. Contact us to find a reliable and experienced partner in Unity development. All-in-one game design and art solution ‒ benefit tangibly from our experience and knowledge Free consultation
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2D and 3D Art Cost: Universal Formula for a Quick Estimate [+Built-in Instant Price Calculator]
2D and 3D Art Cost: Universal Formula for a Quick Estimate [+Built-in Instant Price Calculator]
Today we are here again to talk about 2D and 3D art prices. This important topic has already been raised by us more than once in a series of articles devoted to different types of game art. You can brush up on them or get to know them for the first time using the links below. Dive Deeper: ✔ How Much Does Concept Art Cost? ✔ 2D art in the relevant portfolio section. More Examples of 3D Art Created by the Kevuru Games Team You will find more case study. Our 3D team also worked on characters from the legendary Star Wars franchise from Lucasfilm. The photorealistic infantryman and droid with multiple color options were optimized for maximum performance in VR. Read more in the
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Your All-In-One Metaverse Gaming Guide: Key Components, Market-Shaking Trends, and the Secret Sauce of Profitable Investments
Your All-In-One Metaverse Gaming Guide: Key Components, Market-Shaking Trends, and the Secret Sauce of Profitable Investments
Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } “While you gaze into the metaverse without really understanding what it is, the metaverse gazes back at you and gradually penetrates your life.” (c) Unidentified digital avatar The difference with the Nietzschean abyss in this case lies in the fact that we know more about our abyss, that is, our dark side, than about the metaverses. What associations does the word metaverse evoke in your head? Some kaleidoscopes of virtual reality headsets, snippets of news about the renaming of Facebook to Meta, Epic Games with its Fortnite events (who knows what’s the matter?), and other incoherent info. Meanwhile, the metaverse is a powerful and promising trend that will gain more and more powerful influence in the coming years − Gartner is worth believing. The opportunity to plunge into the virtual world with the help of VR technologies causes a general stir among those who have already managed to join this. So far, this niche is only at the beginning of its development, and companies such as Epic Games and Meta are becoming pioneers in their attempts to create an interconnected virtual reality gaming universe. Friendly advice you didn’t ask for, but still 一 if you don’t want to hopelessly fall behind both the preferences of the players and the activities of more adventurous competitors, dive into the topic of the metaverses right now. Here are the numbers to prove it. Global spending on the core technology of the metaverse, VR/AR, will rise from $12 billion in 2020 to $72.8 billion in 2024. Not to mention the prospects for the metaverse market revenue itself. Just take a look at this estimate from Statista. Considered to be the next iteration of the Internet, the metaverse will clearly make a splash between 2022 and 2030. Source: Statista.com Understanding the essence of this trend will help you begin to navigate the murky waters of the metaverse and choose the right strategy for working with it. So let’s talk in more detail about the concept and prospects of metaverse gaming, how it works, and what famous metaverse projects are already on the lips. Briefly about the Metaverse Although we are here more to immerse ourselves in the game component of the metaverse, a general definition does not hurt. The most interesting thing here is that the metaverse does not have an authoritative definition. But there are several frameworks from opinion leaders. It is important to understand that the metaverse does not equal the virtual world. The metaverse may consist of a large number of interconnected virtual worlds. But no virtual world is a metaverse. Venture investor and metaverse ideologue Matthew Ball outlined the main features of the metaverse in 2021: Endless existence It never resets, pauses, or ends. Time in the metaverse flows continuously, just as it does in the real world, it cannot be stopped. Limitless audience No limit on the number of concurrent users. Everyone can connect to the metaverse at any time and participate in its life on an equal footing with the rest. Fully functioning economy The ability to earn and spend different types of currencies, hold auctions, invest, etc. Digital & physical The metaverse unites the physical and digital worlds, open and closed platforms, private and public networks. Interoperability The ability to transfer data, items, assets, and content between digital worlds. For example, a user should be able to transfer cars from GTA Online to Need for Speed or gift them to a Facebook friend. Many contributors Metaverses should be filled with content and experiences created by its users: individuals, groups, or commercial enterprises. Since the metaverse is still only at the initial stage of development, active discussions of its nature and characteristics continue to take place. For example, should the metaverse be centralized or non-centralized? Centralization provides control of the metaverse by a single body. It knows the personal data of users and determines the comprehensive interaction with users and the use of services. But in fact, this contradicts the very essence of the metaverse. Sam Hamilton, Creative Director at Decentraland Foundation, argues that the centralized metaverse is not a metaverse, it’s a video game and curated entertainment.  What Is Gaming in the Metaverse? Gaming in the metaverse is a way for players to interact with each other in real time using digital avatars. Actions in games of the metaverse are similar to actions in the real world: people communicate, play, earn, spend, and invest money, create their own content, organize events, gather in communities of interest, and so on. Metaverse gaming is a combination of: Social interactionGames-as-a-platformMixed realityCrypto assetsInteroperability The goal of the metaverse is to provide users with an outstanding experience through total immersion in an alternative digital world. The user must understand that this is not an ordinary game, but a full-fledged universe with individual interaction between all elements. Let’s talk about each element in a little more detail to better understand metaverse games. Social Interaction Unlike traditional VR experience, gaming in the metaverse is inextricably linked to ongoing social interaction. Any multiplayer game takes on new facets and dimensions due to the ability to attract your friends from the real world to the metaspace, develop communities of interest, exchange information, organize events, compete, and so on. Games-As-A-Platform The general idea behind this concept is that there are limitless possibilities for user-generated content. Users not only use the available features and services, but also create their own content, form their subspecies of games in the main game, and even organize their own gaming events. Mixed Reality Metaverse gaming seamlessly combines augmented and mixed reality to provide the user with a seamless and engaging experience. Different levels of reality, from augmented in a group chat and mixed in a board game to a full-fledged virtual reality, switch depending on the user’s actions and adapt to each specific case. Crypto Assets Metaverse gaming crypto assets are one of the vital elements of the game in the metaverse, as they are the foundation of a decentralized gaming economy. Using in-game tokens, players purchase and sell assets, hold auctions, and participate in various financial activities. Interoperability Asking how to play metaverse games, for better understanding, you can imagine a digital space where the boundaries between different games are blurred. Assets from one game can be transferred to another with full ownership due to NFT rules. How to Start Playing Metaverse Games? To join gaming in the metaverse, it is not necessary to have a virtual reality headset. Of course, it is a key component of immersiveness, but its absence will not prevent you from playing metaverse games. You need to have the following: Reliable and fast internet connection.PC, mobile device, or console.Blockchain wallet to join the game economy. Metaverse vs Video Games The notion that a metaverse vision has questioned traditional gaming is not correct. Conventional video games will continue to develop as usual, while the gaming metaverse has its own path. We already know that the metaverse differs from the video game in its non-centralized nature. Also, based on the above characteristics of the metaverses, we can summarize the following features offered by the metaverse and missing from conventional video games: There is no limit on the number of concurrent participants.More activities: the ability to attend events and organize games inside the game, etc.The ability to earn money thanks to the built-in blockchain system.Sandbox mode: players can create their own assets, buildings, maps, and other content.The option to transfer in-game assets from one game environment to another. Gaming Metaverses: Creation Features and Team Composition How about creating your own metaverse? Sounds very big and pathetic, doesn’t it? And this is no wonder. Kevuru Games specialists note that the creation of the metaverse is a very complex process, which is fundamentally different from working on conventional software. Virtual worlds are huge – millions of people can enter and interact at the same time. This leads to a colossal load on servers and requires specialists to master a non-standard technology stack. We can distinguish the following features of working on metaverse projects: Providing the metaverse with content. It is necessary to organize support for a large number of 3D characters and related attributes of the game: objects, houses, environment, etc. Synchronizing objects and characters. This is important for faithful reproduction of the game world.Moderating of user-generated content. This results in operating costs for resource administration. Due to such complexity, a highly qualified team of 100+ specialists is required to create the metaverse, including 2D and 3D artists, character artists, concept artists, game designers, UI/UX specialists, sound designers, managers and marketers, DevOps specialists, etc. There are about 20 developers in this list of professionals. Among them are: Unreal Engine specialists Server high load programmers Blockchain specialists This engine was created specifically for online games, so it can be called the best option for the metaverse development. It is important for them to be able to operate servers at a high level and distribute loads between them. The metaverse is closely connected with blockchain technologies, cryptocurrency, and NFT. The problem is that today there are very few developers who have the necessary technology stack in their arsenal. The shortage of personnel leads to a rise in the cost of such projects and even brings them to the AAA level. But companies are still willing to invest in the metaverse. In addition to significant financial costs, the development of a metaverse project also requires significant time resources. It will take at least 2 years for the development team to create the simplest cyberspace from scratch. All-in-one game design and art solution ‒ benefit tangibly from our experience and knowledge Free consultation Metaverse Development: Kevuru Games Experience Kevuru Games already had experience in developing the metaverse. The pioneer project was the so-called Fashion Metaverse, where users were supposed to be able to buy clothes and communicate with each other. Another project that the Kevuru team was working on was the Nano Wars game. We performed a full-cycle game development, starting with the creation of the GDD and ending with the deployment of the DevOps infrastructure by specialists. Nano Wars is a game with NFT biological cells and NTF modules for them, which are used to create your own teams and battles with an opponent. On the platform, you can feel like a real mad scientist: conduct laboratory experiments and turn cells into new biodigital creatures;breed rare nanocells, unique mutated versions of your NFT tokens;sell them or trade them and earn Biometa tokens for winning battles. The goal of the game is to form an ideal tribe, each cell of which is capable of gaining powerful skills and scarce attributes, and may even turn into a new variety. Top 8 Metaverse Trends for the Next Few Years Although it is still difficult to predict how fast the metaverse will develop and how accurate the forecasts are, some of its trends can already be identified. 1. AR and VR in Games AR and VR devices and sound systems play an integral role in the virtual gaming industry. As the metaverse evolves, these technologies are seeing exponential growth, highlighting their value and relevance to today’s marketplace. According to a report by the International Data Corporation (IDC), global VR headset shipments grew 241.6% year-on-year in the first quarter of 2022, driven by continued demand and supply reduction. 2. Metaverse Events and Sales Over 10 million concurrent Fortnite users took part in the Marshmello Concert online. The metaverse could approach the $800 billion mark through live events and advertising. The same applies to the sale of virtual assets for internal tokens of different metaverses. For example, the most expensive piece of virtual land in the world of Decentraland was sold for a record $2.43 million. 3. Avatar Enhancement Metaverse development trends also indicate that avatars are becoming more and more advanced. Corporations such as Meta and Microsoft are focusing on improving digital avatars that fit into the business environment. 4. Movement Tracking Since for high-quality interaction in the digital world, it will be necessary to track movements in the real world, the development of tracking technologies will become one of the main priorities in the coming years. 5. Digital Twins This technology creates a complete 3D virtual and spatially accurate model of any building or space. Businesses will be able to create exact copies of physical objects, which will then function as separate divisions. Consumers can use digital twin technology to virtually try on clothes, explore new stores before they open, and visualize home items before buying them. 6. NFT Crypto Projects Despite the decline in interest in NFT as a separate phenomenon, NFT as an integral part of the metauniverses still has a strong position and is actively developing. For example, non-fungible Decentraland tokens are collectible items, including clothes and the game’s virtual real estate – LAND. To purchase, users must have MANA, Decentraland’s native cryptocurrency. Dive Deeper: ✔ How Much Does It Cost to Make an NFT: From Pictures to Metaverses ✔ Get involved in the metaverse now and become a trendsetter in this area tomorrow.
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Choosing The Best Video Game Platform: How PCs, Consoles, and Mobiles Get Along in the Gaming Market
Choosing The Best Video Game Platform: How PCs, Consoles, and Mobiles Get Along in the Gaming Market
Video games have come on a long evolutionary path, each step of which was a certain gaming platform. The power and capabilities of the platforms have increased, pushing the limits of the games themselves. We can easily trace this path from the arcade machine to today’s next-gen consoles. These days, with the right hardware (or even without it, say hello to cloud gaming), each of us can enjoy ultra-realistic games that would have been unthinkable with the hardware of, say, five years ago. And, of course, choosing the right platform for your game is critical to its potential success. Some fresh insights. Newzoo (the world’s leading provider of games insights) says that in 2022, the mobile segment dominated the market with a revenue share of 50%. This trend will continue over the next few years due to the increasing penetration of smartphones around the world. Source: Newzoo As for the eternal confrontation between the PC and the console, at this stage, it has rather shifted towards intra-platform confrontation. And while the PS5 butts heads with the Xbox Series X and Nintendo Switch amid a 38% year-to-date drop in overall console sales, global PC shipments will fall by 9.5% through the end of 2022. This is what Gartner says. Source: Newzoo However, that hasn’t stopped the flow of new games being released. The PC vs. console confrontation has also been somewhat blurred given the fact now most modern games are delivered simultaneously for both PC and console. God of War: Ragnarök, Gotham Knights, Overwatch 2, The Callisto Protocol, and Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 − we are waiting for you. Therefore, we suggest that you peacefully step back from platform battles and take a relaxed look at the main gaming platforms, their advantages and prospects. What Are Video Game Platforms? So what is a gaming platform? The gaming platform is an environment with technical and functional capabilities for the execution of gaming software. Each platform has its own features and limitations that you need to consider when creating a game. In the early days of gaming platforms, the market was dominated by the unchanging pair of PCs and consoles. However, in recent years, mobile devices have come to the center of the arena and now dominate the market. AR/VR technologies and cloud gaming also contribute to the development of gaming platforms, although not to such a large extent. But let’s talk about everything in order. The Most Famous Gaming Platforms There are two broad categories of video game platforms − portable and non-portable. As the name implies, portable devices are those that can be carried with you anywhere, while non-portable devices are tied to a specific location. Portable gaming platformsNon-portable gaming platformsHandhelds and mobile devicesPC and consoles In addition to mobile devices, today’s top gaming platforms are PC and three brands of consoles − Xbox, PlayStation, and Nintendo. PC PC gaming platforms are considered to be one of the strongest in the video game industry. This is confirmed by the State of the Game Industry report, which is compiled under the auspices of the Game Developers Conference by polling several thousand developers. Survey data for 2021 showed the advantage of the PC − 58% of game developers chose it. The same number said that their latest project was released on PC and that their current project was planned for PC. So in the next ten years, nothing threatens the PC: it has its own reliable niche and a huge pool of followers. Why do developers prefer PCs? Thanks to the widest functionality and opportunities that this platform offers. Why do players prefer PCs? Because PCs: represent games in the best possible state in terms of performance and visual fidelity;offer cheaper games compared to consoles, plus there are frequent sales and giveaways on Epic Games Store and Steam;are easy to upgrade either completely or piecemeal;offer amazing customizable gaming experiences through various accessories;grant access to streaming channels;present an endless universe of online gaming. Yes, and many legendary games like World of Warcraft are only available for PC. So it’s no surprise that no matter what, the PC remains the most popular gaming platform. Console Returning to the State of the Game Industry, we see that the second place of honor is occupied by consoles. More precisely, PlayStation 5, which was chosen by 44% of developers. It is followed by Nintendo Switch (38%) and Xbox Series X/S (30%). We have prepared for you a small bonus table of the main pros and cons of the latest console models from 3 top brands. Pros Cons PlayStation 5 ✔ Advanced controller✔ Lightning-fast loading time✔ 4K graphics at 60 FPS ✘ Fairly large physical size ✘ Little internal storage (~667 GB) ✘ User interface issues Xbox Series X ✔ Modern compact design ✔ Simple storage expansion process ✔ Incredibly quiet ✘ Few exclusive games ✘ Little internal storage (800 GB available) ✘ User interface issues Nintendo Switch ✔ Small and portable ✔ Extended OLED screen ✔ Playable on TV or handheld screen ✘ Little game library ✘ No 4k options ✘ No backward compatibility PlayStation There are many consoles, but only one has managed to get into the Guinness Book of Records. In 2019, the Sony PlayStation family of game consoles received an award from the Guinness Book of Records as the best-selling home game console brand in history. According to data from 1994 to 2019, the total sales of all four generations of home game consoles, including original PlayStation, PS2, PS3, and PS4, exceeded 450 million units. The secret to the console’s popularity can be described in several points: Its ongoing commitment to technological innovation.Sensitive response to user feedback.Sleek and elegant design compared to Xbox One and Nintendo.Tha large list of exclusives not available for PC.Huge piles of games in the library (over 3,000 for PlayStation 4 and already over 500 for PlayStation 5). Console fans will be able to add dozens more points. But these are quite enough to understand the big picture. Xbox Xbox is a home video game console developed and released by the American company Microsoft in 2001. The time was risky, competitors in the form of PlayStation 2 and Nintendo GameCube posed a big threat to the newcomer to the market. But everything ran like clockwork: by the end of 2001, over one and a half million consoles had been sold. Its success was also fueled by strong public interest in the multiplayer shooter Halo: Combat Evolved, developed by Bungie exclusively for Xbox. A characteristic feature of Xbox is backward compatibility (PlayStation has problems with this). New consoles support old games from the very first Xbox. Some of these games are even enhanced for Xbox One X with higher resolutions and faster frame rates than the original version of the game. As for the fresh effervescent PS5 vs. Xbox Series X confrontation, many still cannot decide which console is better. Many PS fans have turned toward Xbox thanks to its more powerful hardware and more user-friendly game subscription service. On the other hand, PS still leads in terms of the number of games in the library. How will the next generation of consoles surprise us − who knows. Nintendo Switch Nintendo was founded back in 1889. However, its most popular console, Nintendo Switch, is quite young, having been released in 2017. Since then, it has made a lot of noise as it has managed to break down the barrier between handheld gaming platforms and home consoles. No console offered players the opportunity to enjoy AAA games like Doom: Eternal on the go. And hosting a Switch party with friends is a breeze thanks to its versatile portability. Nintendo has its own list of exclusives: Zelda, Splatoon, Super Mario Bros., and so on. Many popular Nintendo games like Animal Crossing: New Horizons or Pokémon Sword and Shield have sold over 20 million copies each. Games for this console are distributed on special cartridges or downloaded from Nintendo eShop. As of October 2020, over 4,400 games were available for Nintendo Switch. Which is not so little, given the relatively recent appearance of the console. Mobile As we’ve already said, the mobile platform now dominates the market. Access to a smartphone for most people is a much more realistic option than access to expensive consoles and PCs. The spread of mobile devices around the world and the growing interest of people in mobile games have led to the fact that many famous PC titles have been ported to smartphones. These are Grand Theft Auto, Call of Duty Mobile, and, of course, battle royales like Fortnite and PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds Mobile. With the development of the technological filling of smartphones, mobile games are gaining more and more visual appeal and performance capabilities. Many smartphone manufacturers have begun to release devices focused specifically on games. And finally, some interesting mobile statistics from trusted authoritative sources: Newzoo says that by 2023, the number of mobile players worldwide will exceed 3.7 billion people.Statista says that by the end of 2022, Puzzle Games’ total global revenue will exceed $21 billion.SensorTower says that by 2025, 71% of Google Play revenue will come from mobile games (42% for App Store). Bonus Alternatives: Cloud Gaming and AR/VR Even though only 6% of developers showed interest in developing for the Google Stadia streaming platform according to the survey already mentioned, cloud gaming, also referred to as the main representative of online gaming platforms, does not suffer much from this. Cloud gaming does not yet play a key or significant role in the gaming market. But that’s just for now. Being one of the main trends of the coming years, it may well make the leap from an underestimated niche technology to a market trendsetter. Due to the ease of operation and economic benefits of cloud gaming, major players are seriously thinking about entering this market. For example, Electronic Arts will soon release its cloud gaming portfolio and is testing the performance of its cloud gaming services. The global cloud gaming market size was $691.6 million in 2021 and the compound annual growth rate is expected to increase by 45.8% between 2022 and 2030. Among the well-known cloud gaming providers, in addition to the already mentioned Google Stadia, there are Nvidia GeForce, Xbox Game Pass, Playstation Now, and Amazon Luna. When it comes to VR and AR, there was some decline: in 2020, the percentage of developers working on a VR/AR game was 46%, and in 2021 it dropped to 38%. However, it was Oculus Quest that was chosen as the virtual reality platform that aroused the greatest interest among 52% of developers surveyed. Which Gaming Platform Is Best for You? Choosing the best gaming platform for your goals, you should first of all build on your capabilities. Do you have the budgets and team to create a major AAA title? Or maybe you and your friend are an indie team planning to start a crowdfunding project to raise funds for a new game? In your case, the best platform for gaming is the platform where your capabilities match your desires. With a small budget, it will not be possible to create a large-scale open world game. But you can create an exciting mobile title or a very good indie game for PC. Another topical issue is how to understand whether a game needs to be released simultaneously for PC and console. So, for example, did the developers of the recent summer hit Stray. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } Stray is a third-person quest game in a post-apocalyptic cyberpunk setting, the main feature of which is that the player takes on the role of a cat. The indie studio has been making the game for 7 years: it turned out to be a worthy A-level title released for PC and PS4/PS5 consoles. Thus, the developers have covered a much larger audience of players. But remember that such a choice lengthens production and increases its cost. Weigh the pros and cons before deciding if you need a particular audience. If you still experience difficulties and are confused about the advantages and disadvantages of different types of video games platform, then contact us. With more than 10 years of experience in the gaming market, we have been creating games for a variety of platforms. After evaluating your idea and potential audience, we will help you decide on a platform and, if necessary, take an active part in the creation of your title. All-in-one game design and art solution ‒ benefit tangibly from our experience and knowledge Free consultation
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Vector vs Raster Graphics: The Complete Guide to Pros & Cons and Applications
Vector vs Raster Graphics: The Complete Guide to Pros & Cons and Applications
A lot has already been said about what the difference between vector and raster is. Each of these types of graphics has its own advantages depending on the purpose and application. In today’s world of ultra-realistic AAA graphics, 2D vector vs raster options are more commonly used by indie developers for simple point-and-click products. After all, games using 2D vector and raster graphics are created much faster and are less demanding on hardware. But we’ve got sidetracked. The ability to understand all the intricacies of both formats is an important skill for every designer and person who has definite plans for one of them. So let’s take a closer look at what is the difference between vector and raster and in what cases artists use these types of art. What is Raster Art? Raster graphics are images that are made up of pixels − tiny colored squares that, in large numbers, can form highly detailed images. Each color pixel contributes to the overall image. The more pixels in an image, the better it is. By enlarging the raster image, you will see how the pixels become sharper while image details become more blurred. The number of pixels in an image is determined by the file type. The most common types of raster files are: JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) – the main format for compressing and storing photos.PNG (Portable Network Graphics) – format that allows displaying a transparent background.GIF (Graphic Interchange Format) – format for animated raster images.TIFF (Tagged Image Format File) – lossless file compression format. An important feature of raster art compared to vector graphics is that the number of pixels in each image is fixed. This means that when the image is resized, the image will be distorted or blurry. Therefore, raster images are not used for logos or illustrations that are expected to be resized frequently. What is Raster Graphics Used For? Raster graphics, also known as bitmaps, are most commonly used to work with photographs. Raw photo files taken directly from the camera’s sensors are usually converted into a bitmap file. And in general, almost all photos are delivered in raster format. By editing individual pixels, you can change the look of a photo. But having fun with its size will not work out much due to pixel restrictions. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } A few words about DPI and PPI. The resolution of a bitmap file is called DPI (dots per inch) or PPI (dots per inch) and is the main determining factor for changing the file size. Most graphic files on the Internet are bitmapped and saved for a screen resolution of 72 DPI. Printing usually requires a larger file, where the standard resolution is 300 DPI. What is Vector Art? Vector graphics are images created using mathematical formulas, curves, and lines. All these graphics consist of points fixed on the grid, which provides the possibility of infinite scaling of the image in the direction of increase or decrease without loss of resolution and, accordingly, quality. The most common types of vector files are: AI (Adobe Illustrator) – Adobe Illustrator proprietary file type for displaying vector images.EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) – format used for printing large and detailed images such as billboards and large posters.PDF (Portable Document Format) – format for representing two-dimensional documents in a form independent of the output device and resolution.SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) – format for describing two-dimensional vector and mixed vector/raster graphics in XML format. What is Vector Graphics Used For? Most often, vector graphics are used to create brand identity elements, fonts, and, in particular, logos. The logo, created in vector format, scales easily for printing on business cards, posters, caps, and t-shirts, and does not lose resolution. Vector graphics are always relevant when you know that the image you need will have to scale a lot and often. Unlike bitmap files, vector files will never distort or blur, no matter what size you need. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } Gradient is not allowed. Vector images are made up of shapes, and each shape has a different color, which makes it impossible for a vector to provide the color gradients and shading that bitmaps can have. How Are Raster and Vector Graphics Different? Vector vs raster graphics differ primarily in the way they represent images. We can summarize the above in the form of a comparative table. Raster Graphics Vector Graphics made up of pixelsmade up of mathematical formulasscaling with resolution lossesscaling without resolution lossesmore realistic lighting and shadingmore schematic lighting and shadingcomplex color combinationsdifficult to mix colors without rasterizationused for photosused for illustrationsprinting under certain conditionsprinting without limitslarger file sizessmaller file sizesbroad app and browser compatibilityrequires special software for editing Pros and Cons of Vector and Raster Art Vector and raster differences can be structured and justified using the advantages and disadvantages of these types of graphics. Vector Art Pros Endless scaling. A vector image can be freely reduced and enlarged with almost no restrictions and loss of resolution and quality.Small file sizes. Vector graphics are not made up of millions of pixels, so they result in a much smaller final file size.Design possibilities. You can easily create and edit vector illustrations by adding different shapes, text, and elements of different sizes and colors. Vector Art Cons Not suitable for photos. Vector format is more useful for creating illustrations because it doesn’t allow you to work with individual pixels in a photo.Compatibility issues. To work effectively with vector files, you need special software like Adobe Illustrator: raster programs are not well suited for this.Conversion problems. It is quite easy to make a raster image from vector, while the reverse procedure is much more difficult due to the high requirements of computing power. Raster Art Pros High detail. High-resolution photos can show great detail and a wide range of rich colors: the more pixels, the more colorful the photo.Advanced editing. Access to every pixel gives you the ability to implement even the smallest changes and photo editing without problems.Great compatibility. Raster files are supported by all browsers and devices and are easy to transfer, view, and edit. Raster Art Cons Resolution nuances. Resizing changes the resolution of the photo and results in possible distortion, which reduces the use of raster graphics.Large file sizes. High detail means millions of pixels, which can result in huge file sizes and download speed problems.Fabric printing problems. Pixels often don’t transfer well to fabrics: raster squares and fine details lose clarity, and images cannot be scaled or cropped. What Game Artists Choose: Vector Art vs Raster Art We have already mentioned that indie developers prefer to use 2D vector and raster graphics for their products. However, raster graphics are still more common. They allow creating more realistic lighting and shading and offer a richer palette of colors. Looking at the combination of raster art vs vector art and comparing their visual characteristics, it becomes clear that: raster art is more realistic;vector art is more cartoonish. Vector game art is a rather specific type of graphics, usually consisting of geometric primitives. It has its own circle of connoisseurs. However, do not think that vector graphics are the prerogative of only old games. Modern vector art games also exist. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } For example, the futuristic first-person shooter Paradox Vector, released in 2020, is an example of a fresh game made in the style of classic old-school projects. The graphics are inspired by the first 3D games from the 80s. But at the same time, in those years, there was no release of a single similar shooter in this style. The developers decided to correct this unfortunate omission and bring back such a visual style by creating this game. When to Choose Vector Graphics vs Raster Graphics? While raster graphics dominate the web and digital art, vector art has a strong position in its niche. With its unique infinite zoom properties, vector graphics are preferred for digital printing, web elements, and 2D and 3D animation rendering. It is suitable in all cases if you need a scalable shape and do not need complex color combinations and transitions. Conclusion Although vector and raster differences have been discussed many times and in many places, we have tried to gather together the most important information and give you a big picture of what kind of graphics are used in different situations. It all comes down to what you need to create and what it will be used for. If it’s a logo, the vector is your choice. If it’s a photograph or digital drawing, you should create a bitmap capable of displaying complex color combinations and the natural properties of light. In any case, whatever your goal is and whatever you choose in the vector vs raster graphics dilemma, our artists are always there to offer their professional services. Whether it’s vector or raster graphics, they will do everything in the best possible way − you will be surprised at the result. All-in-one game design and art solution ‒ benefit tangibly from our experience and knowledge Free consultation
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5 Most Exciting Gaming Technology Trends in 2023 [+ Special Bonus Trend That-Must-Not-Be-Ignored]
5 Most Exciting Gaming Technology Trends in 2023 [+ Special Bonus Trend That-Must-Not-Be-Ignored]
We are not always directly interested in technological trends until we witness them directly. That being said, this incarnation is most obvious in the global video game industry with a turnover of more than $200 billion. Playing a new VR game or hanging out in an addictive metaverse, you gradually realize that you have already joined the trends. Or is this realization yet to come? Video games have come a long way from toxic-bright pixelated platformers to ultra-realistic open worlds with thousands of real-time players. The development of visuals and interactivity is inextricably linked with the development of technology, which gives a technical opportunity to deploy resource-intensive processes. And if you’re interested in learning more about what new gaming technologies are shaping the modern world, join our short but fact-rich tour. Or skip to that very bonus trend. We wonder if you have any idea about it. Trend #1. The Metaverse. Headlong Dive into Virtuality According to the classical definition The metaverse is a permanent virtual space in which people can interact with each other and with digital objects through their avatars. In addition to games, these can be purely social platforms where people communicate, attend events, buy virtual assets, etc. Following the success of the Fortnite music concerts, many tech corporations have taken notice of the metaverse’s potential to provide a wide range of experiences beyond pure entertainment. In the future, global giants like Microsoft plan to further expand the capabilities of the metaverse, equalizing them with those in the real world. Remote work meetings using virtual reality technologies and digital avatars of participants are no longer something unusual. And while the metaverses are just at the beginning of their journey, they will clearly evolve with the expansion of VR, AR, and AI to provide a unique real-time virtual experience to a huge number of people around the world. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } Prospects. It is important to understand that the metaverse is indeed one of the newest gaming technologies, the shape of which will be set by the leading market players. As AR and VR become more mainstream, they will touch almost every industry on the planet. In a few years, these technologies will become part of everyone’s daily life, but right now they have not yet been monopolized and are available for research and implementation by various companies, even if not the largest ones. Trend #2. Cloud Gaming. Cure For Hardware Addiction Is the cloud a new technology in gaming? Of course not. The idea itself was presented at the E3 exhibition by G-cluster back in 2000. Is there a future for cloud gaming? Of course yes. It spares low-end devices, saves computer storage, and gives joy to people for whom a modern PC or console is an unprecedented luxury. Cloud gaming is designed to provide end-users with the direct ability to play games across devices without device-dependent delays. All the processing power needed to run the game is provided by the cloud, while the player simply enjoys a state-of-the-art product on their not-so-powerful PC. Which under normal circumstances would not shoulder the burden of such a game even close. Valued at
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Best Game Engines of 2022: Pros, Cons, and Top Picks for Different Types of Games
Best Game Engines of 2022: Pros, Cons, and Top Picks for Different Types of Games
Food for thought. According to Mordor Intelligence, the gaming market was estimated at around $200 billion in 2021 and is expected to reach $350 billion by 2027. And even though 65% of the global gaming market is accounted for by the top 10 gaming companies, even a small indie studio has every chance to achieve recognition and earn good money. And one of the key roles here is played by the right choice of the right game engine. The game engine is literally a digital motor, a workbench, and a complete toolkit that allows, with due skill and dexterity, to create new incredible worlds. Given that different engines are tailored to different needs and levels of knowledge, it is important for you to choose one that offers specific tools. Those that help you perfectly represent your idea and achieve the desired emotional reaction of the player. But to choose it, you need to have some idea of ​​the proposed range. So what is the best game engine? The secret is that each of them can be the best for you. It is simply important to understand what their strength is and which one is most aligned with your goals. Let’s take a look at the most popular game engines of 2022 and see what each one is good for. Key Features of Game Engines A game engine is a set of tools that allows you to work with graphics, physics, scripts, and other elements that make it possible to create a game. Choosing the right game engine for your needs can make or break the entire gaming experience. No matter how complex your game is, you should make sure that the engine you choose performs essential functions: Input. Every interaction a player has with controllers and other input devices, even if it’s just tapping on a smartphone screen, should correspond to a clear intended action in the game.Physics. The player physics of both a mobile platformer and a huge open-world RPG must balance perfectly between the high quality of the simulation and the technical limitations of the gaming device.Visuals. The game engine allows you to program visual effects, lighting, shadows, sharpening, blurring, and more in an optimal way. A properly chosen game engine greatly simplifies game programming by implementing the above functions in an optimized way. This reduces development time and allows the team to focus more on the conceptual aspect of their game in order to provide players, if not unique, then at least an interesting and exciting experience. Top Game Engines in 2022: Detailed Dossier of Strengths and Weaknesses Unreal: AAA Kingdom Overlord Programming language C++ Platforms Windows, macOS, Linux, PS 4 and 5, Xbox One, Xbox Series X and Series S, Android, iOS, Nintendo Switch, ARKit, ARCore, SteamVR, OpenXR, Oculus, and SteamDeck Unreal Engine is one of the most famous and widely used real-time 3D game engines developed and maintained by Epic Games. Although the engine was originally intended for the development of first-person shooters, its subsequent versions have been successfully used in games of a wide variety of genres, including stealth games, fighting games, and massively multiplayer online role-playing games. Unreal is especially good for creating multiplayer games – it provides many multiplayer features out of the box, and it’s easy to set up the Blueprint base game that runs over the network. Today, Unreal is a key driver behind most of the most advanced AAA games and has the widest and most appropriate toolkit for this particular class of games. Pricing Policy In the past, the engine was distributed on a monthly subscription basis. Since 2015, Unreal Engine has become free and production-ready out of the box, but developers of games created with it are required to pay a 5% royalty on sales if the product’s lifetime gross revenue exceeds $1 million. Unreal also offers special Enterprise program and Custom license packages that include premium support, training programs, and custom licensing terms. Their cost is discussed with clients personally. Features: Blueprint and Particle System Blueprint is a visual scripting system in Unreal. It allows you to implement your ideas in a simplified mode with a preliminary visualization of all changes. For example, without programming knowledge, you can create a cycle of day and night or make the environment react to the movement of the player. Most of Fortnite is implemented through Blueprint. You’ve heard of Fortnite, right? Also, a valuable feature of the Unreal Engine is the rapid creation of a game prototype. In the prototype, it is especially important to immediately convey the atmosphere. For this purpose, UE offers many tools − from the simulation of natural phenomena through the particle system to post-processing. In most cases, you don’t even have to look for video tutorials, since all the parameters are clearly named in the interface, and the desired effect can be selected intuitively. Learning Curve The entry threshold for Unreal is quite low: even artists with no programming experience can figure it out for their own purposes. At the same time, the toolkit of the program is huge and rich. Users have access to many free assets from the Unreal Marketplace. Also, Unreal’s modern editor includes integration with Quixel Bridge, one of the world’s largest photogrammetry libraries and toolset for creating high-quality 3D content. Unreal users can use the built-in Quixel tools and all the resources of the Quixel Megascans library for free. Potential Most of the next-generation console games that are released on the PlayStation 5 and Xbox Series X are built using Unreal Engine 5. Now it is the best engine for game development of the most advanced AAA games. Two of its key breakthrough technologies are Nanite and Lumen. Nanite allows you to use unoptimized assets right in the game. Lumen is global illumination, which is calculated in real time and allows you to illuminate an object, taking into account the reflected light. Both of them create a completely new gaming experience and make it as realistic as possible. None of the other engines so far has come close to such a level of realism as Unreal. And this is not the limit. Pros and Cons of Unreal ProsConsIdeal for AAA games and cutting-edge graphicsAn irrational choice for simple projects and mobile 2D gamesIncreased performance compared to other enginesHigh system requirements for more advanced featuresGreat toolkit for working with VRThe need to pay royalties of 5%Intuitive Blueprint system for non-programmersHigher entry thresholdUnreal Engine Marketplace with tons of assetsA more closed and less numerous community Unity: Life of the Cross-Platform Party Programming language Platforms C#, C++ Windows, macOS, Linux, PS 4 and 5, Xbox One, Xbox Series X and Series S, Android, iOS, WebGL, Oculus, Android TV, tvOS, Nintendo Switch, ARCore, Stadia, Microsoft HoloLens, Magic Leap Unity is the second most popular game engine on par with Unreal, allowing you to create both simple 2D games and complex 3D worlds. This engine is preferred by completely different companies, from small mobile developers to large game publishers. However, it is independent studios and mobile developers that have a special warm spot for it. It is even unofficially called the best mobile game engine. Also, Unity is actively used to create VR games and AR projects due to the presence of a large number of convenient SDKs. Pricing Policy Unity offers a range of plans for different users and purposes, all of which are royalty-free. IndividualTeamsEnterpriseFreefor studentsand personal use with revenueless than $100K in the last 12 monthsUnity Pro$1,800 /yr per seatUnity Plus$399 /yr per seatIndustrial Collection$2,520 /yr per seatEnterprise$4,000 /mo per 20 seats Features: Bolt and Unity Asset Store By analogy with Unreal Blueprint, Unity has its own visual programming tool called Bolt. Bolt brings complete visual scripting to Unity, allowing artists, designers, and programmers to create game mechanics and interactive systems without writing code. Visual scripting helps even a non-technical person to test an idea, make changes, or better control their work in Unity. Everyone will also be able to use custom nodes and graphs created by technical specialists. Unity Asset Store is open for developers to buy 3D models, sounds/music, UI kits, shaders/particles, sprite kits, and tools to make the development process more comfortable and faster. For example, you can add ready-made sets of elements to the game: characters, enemies and their behavior patterns, levels, lighting settings, etc. At the same time, you do not need a single line of code to implement a new change. Learning Curve The Unity interface is quite simple and does not require any serious training or deep knowledge to get started. It uses a component-oriented approach: the developer creates objects and adds various components to them. Thanks to a convenient Drag & Drop interface and a functional graphics editor, the engine allows you to draw maps and place objects in real time and immediately test the result. The official website of the engine features an article on how to make a game without knowing the code, which describes in detail the tools needed for beginners to create games. Potential Unity’s cross-platform capabilities and its simplicity and ease of use for small studios allow the engine to stay at the top of the best. The ability to add new features to the engine, make changes to it, upgrade internal tools and create your own make Unity an extremely flexible tool for developing games of any scale. It is noteworthy that Unity does not try to compete with Unreal in matters of realism, but continues to emphasize its cross-platform and adaptability features. It also continues to be the best game engine for mobile development. Pros and Cons of Unity ProsConsFree for games with income less than $100k per yearExpensive license for games with income over $100K per yearFlexible and extensible engine with many out-of-the-box componentsHigh system requirements for more advanced featuresIdeal for casual and mild-core 2D and 3D gamesThe need to learn a programming language to create an original gameStrong support for mobile game development No access to source code for small development teams Wide cross-platform capabilitiesLess performance compared to narrowly targeted enginesSolid SDKs for VR and ARNo support for links to external libraries Unity Asset Store with an abyss of free assetsLimitation of the visual editor when working with multi-component charts Huge knowledge base and large communityCumbersomeness and slowness Amazon Lumberyard: Well-Connected Partner Programming language Platforms C++, Lua Windows, Linux, PS 4, Xbox One, Android, iOS As the product name suggests, Lumberyard is Amazon’s all-in-one offering, which is a free AAA cross-platform game engine based on the CryEngine architecture that was licensed from Crytek in 2015. The engine has integration with Amazon Web Services, which allows developers to create or host their games on Amazon servers, as well as stream video broadcasting via Twitch. Amazon Lumberyard is often used as a low-cost alternative to creating games for the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One consoles. Pricing Policy Developers can use the Lumberyard engine to create a game for free. This is because it is monetized through Amazon Web Services fees, which vary depending on which tools the developers prefer to use, if any. But if you don’t need a cloud connection, you pay nothing. There are no placement fees or subscription fees, and no profit sharing is required. In July 2021, Amazon announced that the source code for the engine is being made open source as the Open 3D Engine (O3DE) under the Apache 2.0 license. Features: Script Canvas and Component Entity Like most of its peers, such as Unreal with Blueprint or Unity with Bolt, Lumberyard has a visual scripting system called Script Canvas. It allows anyone to prototype or implement game logic without any code support. An important feature of the engine is modularity: it is provided by the Gems system, which are packages containing code and assets. This gives developers the opportunity to select the features they want and remove the features they don’t need without having to compile them later. Lumberyard also offers the Component Entity system, a modern approach to creating complex entities from simpler ones. As a content creator, all you have to do is drag and drop components to the right places to set specific behaviors, change settings in the editor in real time, or create Lua scripts or visual scripts to change or extend the behavior of an entity on the fly. To simplify work on more complex scenes, entities can be combined into sectors, which, in turn, can be included in sectors of a higher level, thus organizing a full-fledged cascading system of blanks. Learning Curve Despite the presence of visual scripting, Lumberyard remains a large engine for large projects with a large number of online components. It makes no sense to make simple mobile games on it: it will be difficult, problematic, and impractical. Lumberyard’s resource handling system and internal components are not tailored for small projects. Moreover, a smaller user base results in little documentation and possible help on various issues, the answers to which become outdated very quickly as the engine develops. Without community support and a good knowledge base, the learning curve can be quite steep for inexperienced developers. Potential Lumberyard’s visualization technology is based on a set of popular and powerful development tools licensed from CryEngine and includes all the traditional bells and whistles, from particle effects support and real-time fluid flow modeling technologies to plant creation tools with an unprecedented level of realism. It is important to remember that the game created will be tied to Amazon in many ways: the company does not allow the use of competing cloud services from other companies like Google or Microsoft. However, this is not a disadvantage: Lumberyard remains an AAA-level engine with great graphics potential that can be used to make an amazing single-player game absolutely free. Pros and Cons of Amazon Lumberyard ProsConsFree for single-player gamesThe need to pay for Amazon Web Service if multiplayer is requiredSolid and advanced VR supportFewer resources and materials than other enginesIntegration with Amazon Web Services for online multiplayer featuresNot suitable for small projectsNative integration with TwitchToo steep learning curve for beginnersFeature-rich functionalityCross-platform possibilitiesSolid rendering experience for outdoor scenes CryEngine: Real-Time Sandbox Master Programming language Platforms C++, Lua, C# Windows, Linux, PS 3, 4 and 5, Xbox One, Xbox Series X and Series S, Nintendo Switch, Wii U CryEngine is an AAA, all-in-one 3D game engine developed by German game developer Crytek and used for all of its games in the Far Cry franchise. Its modified version is used by such studios as Warhorse Studios and Ubisoft, and in 2015 the license for CryEngine was transferred to Amazon. It released its own revised and extended version of CryEngine called Amazon Lumberyard, which we’ve talked about above. Pricing Policy The engine is free for everyone with all its features and access to all platforms. The first annual income of $5,000 is royalty-free. Next, you must pay a 5% royalty fee. Features: CryEngine Sandbox and Flow Graph Sandbox is a real-time game editor that allows you to design maps and modifications in the 3D CryEngine environment. The editing style is focused on creating large landscapes and free-style mission programming. The editor also supports the creation of indoor levels or locations. Sandbox has the ability to instantly switch from edit mode to play mode with the click of a button. This is similar to another 3D renderer, Blender. This feature eliminates the need to load the game as the game engine is already running during edit mode. Flow Graph is a built-in CryEngine tool used to manage events and game logic within levels. In essence, it is a counterpart to the visual scripting tools of previous engines − a powerful node-based visual scripting system that helps developers quickly prototype functions and create layer-specific logic without having to work with complex code bases. Learning Curve Projects skillfully built on CryEngine can outperform Unity and even Unreal games. The engine is known for its real-time rendering power, which allows you to create ultra-realistic worlds and quickly test a newly created level or scene. However, its community is much smaller than that of the above engines. The learning curve is pretty steep, and there’s less documentation than you’d like. Potential The latest version of the engine, CryEngine V, version 5.7, has received such innovations as DirectX 12, Vulkan API, support for virtual reality, and support for writing scripts in C#. The engine and SDK are still completely free. It is important that the 5% royalty payment model applies specifically to the fifth generation of the engine. Developers using older versions of the engine may apply for a fee exemption if their plans do not include upgrading to versions 5.5 and higher. Pros and Cons of CryEngine ProsConsFree for first annual income of $5,000Strong emphasis on the shooter componentAAA-level visual capabilitiesFewer resources and materials than other enginesSolid VR supportCool games require serious C++ knowledgePowerful Sandbox game editor Too steep learning curve for beginners One of the most powerful renderersGood and clear documentation Godot: Developer’s Best Buddy Programming language Platforms C++, C Windows, GNU/Linux, macOS, BSD, iOS, Android, HTML5, WebAssembly, Xbox, Windows Phone Godot is a relatively recent MIT-licensed cross-platform 2D and 3D game engine created in 2014 by two developers and currently maintained by the Godot Engine Community. The task of the creators was to make a convenient self-sufficient environment for creating a game from scratch, without using almost any tools anymore. The engine gained immense popularity due to its simplicity and wide 2D and 3D functionality. Plus, it’s absolutely free. Pricing Policy Godot Engine is a completely free game engine. Therefore, among the rest, it is the best free game engine, or, in other words, the only completely free game engine without any “buts”. Unlike Unity and Unreal, there are no conventions like it’s free until a certain income is earned. The engine remains free forever. Features: VisualScript and GDScript For beginners, Godot offers a classic visual programming tool. The engine takes a convenient approach with its node and scene architecture to represent certain game features. Combining nodes to form a tree is a powerful feature for organizing projects. Visualization helps non-technical specialists to quickly understand everything that needs to be done to obtain the desired effect. GDScript is a high-level, dynamically typed programming language built for Godot. It uses syntax similar to Python. Its goal is to be optimized and tightly integrated into the Godot engine, allowing for high flexibility in content creation and integration. It’s as readable as Python while retaining important development elements such as strong typing, better editor integration, and more straightforward speed optimizations. Learning Curve Godot has a nice intuitive interface. You can figure it out in a couple of minutes, it is not overloaded with many tabs and settings. All the necessary tabs are nearby, and the standard engine settings are enough to create a game. An active community around the engine will always come to the rescue in case of questions. The engine is very flexible: it allows you to create games using a graphical interface, but you can also write games using GDScript, an analogue of the Python language. You can also use C++ or C# to write modules, plus there is also JdNative. Each user can make an add-on and use almost any programming language they are interested in. Potential Godot is actively developed and maintained by a passionate community. The Godot API exposes almost every element of the engine, and it’s rare to find features that aren’t directly available to code. Godot also works in real 2D space, expressed in pixels, which greatly simplifies the creation and optimization of 2D games. The engine is full of community-developed tools, and many users add unique elements to the engine as part of developing their games. Pros and Cons of Godot ProsConsFree and open sourcePossible problems with mastering GDScriptIdeal for casual and mild-core 2D and 3D gamesFewer resources and materials than other engines can offerA large and welcoming communityThe need for basic knowledge of programming languagesRich development options in different languagesSimple intuitive interface Wrapping Up: What Engine Drives You Today? We have provided you with information about the 5 most popular game engines most commonly used to create notable projects. Of course, there are many other options, such as GameMaker Studio or Phaser, used to create simple 2D games. But they’re not the type to steal the show in the gaming market and are used quite rarely and situationally. So how to choose a game engine? We still say that everything depends on your needs and goals. Each engine has strengths and weaknesses, as well as optimal areas of application − Unreal for AAA games, Unity for beautiful 2D and 3D metroidvanias and platformers, etc. But the main thing is that all of them are relevant at the moment and continue to develop actively. If you are in doubt about which engine will suit your project more, we suggest discussing it with us. Our developers work mainly with Unity and Unreal, but since they are proficient in C, C++, and C# programming languages, they are automatically aware of absolutely any engine written on them. We will carefully study the requirements for your project or determine them ourselves based on your concept, and select the most suitable engine. All-in-one game design and art solution ‒ benefit tangibly from our experience and knowledge Free consultation
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Maya vs Blender: What Is the Best Fit for Your 3D Project in 2022
Maya vs Blender: What Is the Best Fit for Your 3D Project in 2022
The world of 3D graphics and modeling is dominated by Maya and Blender (well, we’ve just asked 3ds Max to take a break for a while). 3D artists are well aware of the dilemma of choosing between these two titans. Many would say Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } “What’s the point of comparing Blender vs Maya? Blender is free, Maya is paid, that’s the whole difference.” This is indeed one of the differences, but not in all cases it is decisive (ironic chuckles from freebie lovers). Both Blender and Maya are amazing in their own right with a lot of great tools and features that allow you to create 3D masterpieces. The latest 2022 update of both programs also brought many innovations. But a choice must be made. Blender or Maya? What software to focus on? Which is best for your project? Knowledge of what software is more in demand on the market? It’s time to dot the i’s and cross the t’s. Let’s look at the pros and cons of these programs and finally put an end to this endless debate about which software is better. Blender: Good Friend of the Newbies Blender is a free (i.e. absolutely free with no hidden fees) software for creating 3D graphics, containing tools for modeling, animation, rendering, video post-processing, and game creation. A characteristic feature of Blender is its relatively small size, which, however, managed to fit a full-fledged editor with all the basic functions and a set of textures, models, and event handlers. Despite the lack of official documentation, the software has a huge community and an endless database of online training materials that will help even an absolute beginner to understand the basics of 3D. Interestingly, beginners were initially afraid of Blender: the workstation looked intimidating with a huge number of parameters and commands scattered all over the screen. But since Blender has become an open source project, it has gained full context menus for all functions, and the use of tools has become more logical and flexible. Therefore, when talking about the Maya vs Blender learning curve, everyone unconditionally recognizes Blender as the best software for beginners, since it is quite simple and fast to learn. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } Speaking of Maya vs Blender in terms of being a better tool for beginners, Blender is by far the leader. The workstation as of 2022 is a user-friendly zone that won’t make a novice recoil from the screen in horror. One of Blender’s most interesting modeling tools is modifiers. Modifiers in Blender In Blender, modifiers use their algorithm to change an object without having to change it in manual editing mode. In other words, these are tools that modify the mesh in a non-destructive way and can be adjusted interactively. This greatly reduces the need for manual labor and results in a faster modeling process. It is important to understand that if the modifier is not applied completely, but only added to the object, then the latter remains the same when editing. The program draws the result of applying the modifier, but the object itself does not change. Modifiers are accessed through the Properties editor. There are many modifiers in Blender, and each of them has its characteristics and settings. You can apply several modifiers to an object to achieve the effect you want. Blender 2022 Updates The latest version of the software, Blender 3.2, includes a large number of new features and tools to make it easier. Here are some of them: Light Groups − a powerful system that allows users to generate user-defined lighting passes and modify the color and intensity of light sources in the compositor without re-rendering.Shadow Caustics, based on the Manifold Next Event Estimation production render method, supports selective rendering of caustics in the shadows of refractive objects.Volume Motion Blur − introduction of motion blur support for gas simulation and imported OpenVDB volumes. In addition, the new version of Blender features improved performance and the ability to paint in Sculpt mode on millions of polygons with a new brush with customizable tip shape, wet mixing, density, and flow. It is also important to note the updates to the Cycles X rendering engine: it provides a significant performance boost and renders faster. For example, many users noted that if earlier rendering could take almost an hour, then with Cycles X, the project is rendered in 3-4 minutes. Therefore, if we consider the Blender vs Maya rendering comparison, then at this stage, Blender is definitely faster. Although Blender’s interface is still filled with a large number of elements, this does not cause fear or bewilderment, because each new version of the software features significant changes and improvements in the UX/UI design. Pros and Cons of Blender ProsConsFreeControversial UIOpen sourceNot industry standardReal-time renderingLack of specializationWide functionalityPeriodic bugsLightweightLimited animation optionsLarge knowledge baseComplex node editingProcedural workflowsConfusing updates Maya: Business Partner of Game Studios Autodesk Maya is a powerful software package for modeling 3D objects, creating object motion graphics, and designing computer characters. Maya provides a wide range of functional tools for limitless creativity. Rich animation functionality makes this software ideal for animation artists. Maya’s specialty is its focus on creating and maintaining professional, market-oriented products. The Maya package is actively used by game studios to create their titles, as well as by filmmakers to introduce ultra-realistic CGI into films. The software workstation, accordingly, offers a more sophisticated and advanced experience. Линия слева от текста .line { border-left: 2px solid #08BEB2; /* Параметры линии */ margin-left: 0px; /* Отступ слева */ padding-left: 20px; /* Расстояние от линии до текста */ } In some sense, the situation is easier for game publishers than for us, because they don’t have to choose between Maya vs Blender for games: it is Maya that is a generally recognized tool in the gaming industry. Maya provides tools for creating high-quality characters and effects, as well as performance enhancements for modeling, texture, and rendering tasks. Users are granted access to Autodesk software on a monthly, annual, and 3-year basis. Monthly SubscriptionAnnual Subscription3-Year Subscription$ 225$ 1,785$ 5,085 Maya subscription options Maya offers a free trial for 30 days. Academic licenses are also available: students and educators can get free 1-year access to Autodesk educational products and services, renewable as long as they remain eligible. There is also a more affordable version of Maya called Maya LT, a software suite focused on video game modeling, animation, and prototyping. It supports integration with popular modern game engines, Unreal Engine and Unity 3D. Monthly SubscriptionAnnual Subscription3-Year Subscription$ 35$ 290$ 825 Maya LT subscription options To make things easier, Maya encourages artists to use its built-in MEL language. Maya Embedded Language MEL is the scripting language behind Maya; it is the main level of user interaction with Maya. When Maya starts up, it actually runs several MEL scripts that form all the windows. Anything you can do with a UI program can be interpreted and automated with MEL. The benefits of using MEL for users are undeniable. Everyone can create windows with sliders, tabs, text fields and buttons for them, attributes, etc. One can even add menu items and new panels. This allows users to automate work and quickly execute any commands bypassing the UI. MEL is best learned with the Script Editor. MEL is quite a large language (more than 600 commands and approximately 75 functions), but the Script Editor is able to advise the user on how to use these commands, as well as copy and paste ready-made scripts into the code, without a single line of your own code. You don’t even need to use the command line to enter MEL commands. All operations performed in the Maya interface are written in the script editor as MEL commands. Even without knowing how to program at all, here, you can create quite complex scripts by copying and pasting. Maya 2022 Updates USD plug-in − support for the Universal Scene Description (USD) format is now available in Maya 2022: now, artists can work seamlessly with the USD format, integrating it into workflows based on Maya and other Autodesk solutions.Animation Ghosting − the Ghosting Editor allows artists to create images that replicate animation, making it possible to visualize the movement and position of animated objects over time.Bifrost 2.2.1.0 − the new module includes new features to improve the simulation workflow, such as the ability to resume simulation from the hard disk frame cache, create new particles in the model, and improve low-resolution Aero simulations. And much more. The animation in the new version is much faster − cached playback gives animators a serious boost in FPS in the preview window. And with Arnold’s advanced features, Viewport 2.0 preview animations come as close as possible to the final rendering. And although Blender also has an animation toolkit, the choice of rigging in the Maya vs Blender animation battle is obvious: Maya offers much more advanced animation capabilities. At the same time, while Maya’s rendering tools are efficient, animation rendering remains quite challenging and time-consuming. Therefore, as we’ve said above, when considering Blender vs Maya renderer speed, Blender has the advantage. Pros and Cons of Maya ProsConsIndustry standardHigh priceHyper-realistic effectsHigh system requirementsAll modern formats are supportedSteep learning curveBuilt-in node editorLack of documentationWorld-class animationSlow rendering Maya vs Blender Side-By-Side Comparison Chart BlenderMayaPriceFreeFrom $ 225 per monthPlatformLinux, Mac OS X, WindowsLinux, Mac OS X, WindowsWritten inС, C++, PythonC++, MEL, Python, C#RenderingCycles/EeveeArnold/OctaneLicenseGNU GPLCommercial softwareTarget audienceSolo artists and indie studiosBig AAA studiosLearning curveModerateSteepStorage space~500 MB4 GBIndustry standardNoYes Maya vs Blender: What to Choose in 2022? So, what is the bottom line of our Blender vs Maya comparison? In view of the foregoing, we hasten to state that each of these software products has something to offer the 3D artist. Being free makes Blender a great starting point for beginners, and its rich tools allow you to achieve the quality of modeling and sculpting that is not worse than in Maya. So often, when considering the Maya vs Blender modeling dilemma, many people choose Blender. Because why pay so much when there is a great set of full-fledged modeling tools? At the same time, animators note that Blender vs Maya animation comparison makes them instantly point to Maya as the best animation tool. Very often Maya is used only for the animation part of the project, while other software is preferred for modeling, rendering, etc. For example, Maya was used to animate characters in the video game The Last of Us Part II and create visual effects for Marvel films and the Game of Thrones series. Also, do not forget that Maya is the industry standard that is popular with professional suppliers of AAA gaming and cinematic solutions. Blender remains a great piece of software for solo artists and independent studios working on personal projects that can be freely monetized without the need for licensing. In addition, its online community is much more powerful and larger than Maya can boast − many people learn Blender on their own and are happy to share their experience with beginners. I choose Blender…I choose Maya…to start my journey in 3D modelingto make professional world-class animation to create my models and personal projectsto be able to get a job in AAA studios Our 3D artists and animators are proficient in Maya: many of the works in our
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How Much Does It Cost to Make an NFT: From Pictures to Metaverses
How Much Does It Cost to Make an NFT: From Pictures to Metaverses
While many have managed to make a fortune on the NFT, and others still do not know what it is, the market for non-fungible tokens has calmed down after the boom in 2021 and has carved its niche. The subsidence of the hype contributed to the fact that only the most persistent and interested people remained in the game. And this is more than enough for it to continue to bloom: in mid-2022, the NFT market is worth $3 billion and has the potential to grow to $13 billion by 2027. Since you are here, chances are you know what NFT is and how powerful it can be in the right hands. And this applies not only to large-scale metaverse projects but also to NFT-based game is no different from creating art for a regular non-blockchain game. Therefore, the pipeline remains classic, from concept art to the final versions of all the necessary characters, assets, and backgrounds. The stages of work were as follows: Moodboard.BnW draft (2-3 options per 1 asset)Color draft (2-3 options per 1 asset)Render.Final PSDs preparing. You can see a breakdown of the estimated cost to create individual assets and all art in general for this project. Work on the art for this
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5 Best Blockchain Games in 2022
5 Best Blockchain Games in 2022
Crypto gaming is gaining popularity despite the skepticism that surrounds it from many players and developers. While the latter are shunning blockchain with suspicion, others are rapidly churning out blockchain games, with over 400 released in 2021. The competition in the market is increasing, and the play-to-earn mechanic is attracting more and more players who are looking to turn their passion into a source of income. Oddly enough, players can actually make money in such games by completing game tasks and missions, reselling their assets or renting them to other players. Thus, they receive some kind of in-game currency, which can later be used to purchase NFTs or transferred directly to a cryptocurrency wallet. Players then have the option to sell or exchange it for tokens or the currency used for real payments. We are here to break down the features of 5 blockchain games that are currently considered the best in terms of the number of players and the total value of assets in Dapp’s smart contracts. What is Dapp you can learn from our previous article about the creation of NFT games. Top 5 Blockchain Games: Best Titles In the Spotlight So, in no particular order, here are 5 best blockchain games in the play-to-earn format that cause the most buzz in the gaming community. We will consider the number of players and the value of assets over the last 30 days to get more stable and objective information. Axie Infinity Genre Platform Blockchain Tokens Free-to-play Creature battler Windows, macOS, Android, iOS Ronin, Ethereum SLP, AXS No One can’t simply ignore Axie Infinity. Originating from CryptoKitties and Pokémon, this game remains the leader among the top blockchain games in terms of the number of players and the total amount of incoming value to dapp’s smart contracts. In August 2021, Axie Infinity reached one million daily active players. Two months later, that figure approached the two million mark. Here, players breed cute little creatures called Axies and take part in battles against other players or the game’s AI. The game requires an initial investment – one needs to buy 3 Axies to start playing. In dollar terms, it will be about $75 for one creature. Winning battles and daily quests allow players to get Small Love Potions (SLPs). These are the utility tokens of the game, which can then be used to breed more Axies and sell them to other players. What affects Axie prices? The price of Axies may be determined by their in-game power, usefulness, and demand from players. Axies created in the early days of the game are more expensive. In addition, there are the mythical Axies, which look more colorful and are especially rare. As a rule, the rarer attributes also provide the most utility in the game and result in a high price. With the rise of Axie Infinity, the creature market is now influenced not only by players, but also by NFT collectors. How to get Axie for free? One can receive scholarships from other players who are looking for someone willing to temporarily take over the management of their Axies. Formally, we are talking about rent: the renter is actually developing someone else’s account, receiving part of the profit for it. Note that only the owner of Axies, i.e. the sponsor of the scholarship, can claim the SLP tokens the renter mines. Thet latter get his or her share from this sponsor. In most cases, income is divided in half. Gods Unchained Genre Platform Blockchain Tokens Free-to-play Trading card game Windows, macOS Ethereum, Immutable X GODS Yes The best blockchain games of 2022 include card games without fail. Gods Unchained is a fantasy collectible card game with colorful graphics and a catchy style. Its first major advantage is that there is no initial investment. The essence of the game is the battle of two players in the arena. Each player initially has a deck of thirty cards. When players win a battle, they take their opponent’s deck. Every card in Gods Unchained is an NFT, so players own their cards and can sell them on the secondary market. The native token of Gods Unchained is GODS. What is Immutable X? The game is made by the same team behind the Ethereum layer-2 scaling solution called Immutable X. This means the game is powered by Ethereum and uses Immutable X where Dapps can trade peer-to-peer without fees and process up to 9,000 transactions per second. Immutable X launched its marketplace in 2021, and today it serves as a gas-free trading hub for Gods Unchained cards, as well as a number of other NFT projects. How to get unique cards? Players have basic cards that they earn for free just by playing the game. Also, even before the launch of the game, there were special card sets on sale that players could buy to avoid grinding. Now they are no longer produced. But they can be bought from other players on the Immutable X marketplace. Splinterlands Genre Platform Blockchain Tokens Free-to-play Trading card game Windows, macOS, Android, iOS HIVE, WAX DEC, SPS Yes Since the release of Splinterlands in 2021, it hasn’t left the top positions of the best blockchain games list on DappRadar. Splinterlands is a turn-based card game with fast-paced and easy-to-learn gameplay. Each card is an NFT with power and rarity attributes to determine its value. Unlike other card games with long, sometimes overextended battles, those in Splinterlands only last a few minutes. The rules are simple, so even beginners can quickly figure them out. How to earn tokens? The game token, SPS, is used to buy, trade, and rent cards for battle. There is also a secondary token, DEC (Dark Energy Crystals), which allows players to purchase various in-game items and power-ups. Players earn these tokens by completing tasks and daily quests, challenging other players in ranked games, or participating in tournaments. Cards can be combined to level them up for better stats and additional abilities. If desired, everyone can convert their cards into cryptocurrency at any time. What is the main feature of the game? Unlike other games, Splinterlands often receives updates and additions, thus attracting more and more new players. For example, recent updates have brought new rare cards to the game. Splinterlands runs on the Hive blockchain, but thanks to the cross-chain functionality, tokens can also be traded on Wax and Ethereum. Alien Worlds Genre Platform Blockchain Tokens Free-to-play Strategy Windows, macOS, Android, iOS WAX TLM Yes Alien Worlds is the fastest growing blockchain game and one of the most popular decentralized applications on the market. Its players explore other planets by cooperating and competing with each other for land and resources, mine the in-game TLM token, and receive in-game items in the form of NFTs. The game is evolving: in the future, the developers plan to add the possibility of battles for the right to rule the planets and the organization of political alliances and planetary authorities. To date, Alien Worlds is the only blockchain game that runs on multiple networks at once: Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, and WAX. Its TLM tokens are available on all three networks, but all settlement transactions and game maintenance go through WAX. What is DAO? Each planet is a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) that receives TLM daily through smart contracts. The token is needed to participate in the DAO activities of the selected planet, as well as to purchase in-game items, complete quests, and simply earn interest. TLM and NFT can be sold on the secondary market. There are 7 planets in the Alien Worlds universe, but, according to the developers, more will be added later. Each planet is a separate DAO competing with others. What is LAND? Planets are made up of plots (LAND). Each plot is an NFT with a unique set of parameters (such as the amount and speed of TLM mining) and a price. Players with a large amount of TLM can buy LAND on planets and rent it out to other players, receiving a daily stable income. Decentraland Genre Platform Blockchain Tokens Free-to-play Virtual reality platform Windows, macOS Ethereum MANA, LAND No No list of best blockchain games would be complete without Decentraland. Decentraland is a virtual world like a metaverse. Virtual characters and their upgrades, skills, clothes, land and other in-game items are presented here in the form of NFTs, creating a self-sufficient unique market powered by the MANA token. The entire Decentraland metaverse is made up of 90,601 individual plots of LAND, each of which is 100 square meters and is a separate NFT. Players can develop them as they wish. Since Decentraland is a decentralized autonomous organization, MANA token holders have a say in the governance of the project and the metaverse. To buy LAND, a player must first purchase MANA on cryptocurrency platforms. Prices for land plots in Decentraland are sometimes not less than the cost of real-world plots. For example, the most expensive plot at the moment is worth a whopping $3.5 million in MANA. Snoop Dogg and Paris Hilton also bought plots, sharply increasing the value of adjacent LANDs While the game is still in its early stages of development, it has huge potential to become the most influential metaverse of play-to-earn games. How to get income? Players generate income in the form of MANA tokens by trading their NFTs, renting out their digital properties, selling ad space, etc. Can Decentraland be played for free? With no initial investment, players can simply explore the world, customize their avatar, and interact with other users. But they will not be able to receive daily rewards, earn MANA, buy land, participate in events, or play certain games. Future of Crypto Gaming Now there are many projects in development that can take their place among the top blockchain games of 2022. If they really have weight, we will definitely return to their consideration. But it’s already obvious that blockchain games have firmly established themselves in their niche. A bunch of new games are in development. The Kevuru Games team is working simultaneously on several NFT projects slated for release in 2022 (Guild of Guardians), 2023 (Gooniez Gang) and 2024 (MechaChain). Characteristically, the waiting lists of these games number hundreds of thousands of future players, and the first NFTs are sold out in the first hours. The combination of blockchain and gaming should prove to be a win-win for gamers and developers alike. Players will have more control over their assets and a chance to earn money from their efforts. Developers will be able to earn a percentage of resold tokens and create more buzz around their new projects. Everyone wins. So welcome to blockchain. All-in-one game design and art solution ‒ benefit tangibly from our experience and knowledge Free consultation
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